Ikan selais dan baung dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai komoditi. Kedua jenis ikan ini juga bisa dimanfaatkan sebagai komoditas ekonomi. Masyarakat Desa Tamiang Kecamatan Bukit Batu Kabupaten Bengkalis dan Desa Tasik Betung Kecamatan Sungai Mandau Kabupaten Siak, melihat potensi tersebut sebagai penambah pendapatan mereka. .

Sosialisasikan Cagar Biosfer Lewat Blog

CAGAR Biosfer Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu (CB GSK-BB) kini juga disosialisasikan melalui media internet. Tentunya di era kemajuan teknologi ini akses tercepat untuk mendapatkan informasi adalah melalui internet.

Tingkatkan Program Budidaya di Cagar Biosfer'

Suatu kawasan akan mempunyai kontribusi bagi manusia, apabila budidayanya baik. Karena dengan adanya budidaya itulah suatau kawasan dapat berkembang. Demikian halnya yang dilakukan oleh Sinarmas Forestry (SMF) terhadap Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu (GSK-BB).

Riau Miliki Pengolahan Air Gambut Terbesar

BUKITBATU (RP)- APAG 60 atau Alat Pengolaan Air Gambut 60 yang dipasang di Tanjungleban, Bukit Batu, Kabupaten Bengkalis, Riau merupakan alat pengolahan air gambut terbesar di Indonesia


GSKBB - Staf Ahli Menteri (SAM) Kehutanan Dr Agus Mulyono meresmikan pemakaian Sekretariat Cagar Biosfer Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu (GSKBB).

Minggu, 29 Januari 2012

Program Air Bersih Dilanjutkan ke Bukit Batu

   Bukit Batu merupakan kawasan yang terdapat di zona inti Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu (GSK-BB) Riau. Dimana Bukit Batu tersebut akan menjadi objek dari LIPI (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia) untuk membantu pemerintah. Yaitu mengupayakan air bersih di kawasan gambut cagar biosfer dengan memasang alat IPAG60nya.

Jumat, 27 Januari 2012

Écologie, équité et économie : repenser la politique des zones arides

Les zones arides font partie des environnements les plus changeants et les plus imprévisibles au monde. Mais ici, il y a déjà longtemps que les populations ont appris à vivre avec cette variabilité et à la dompter pour la mettre au service d’économies, de sociétés et d’écosystèmes durables et productifs. 
Trop longtemps, les décideurs ont fait abstraction de cette mine d’expérience et de savoir-faire, avec de terribles conséquences. Les tentatives visant à remplacer les pratiques traditionnelles de gestion des ressources par des techniques modernes n’ont fait qu’exacerber la pauvreté, la dégradation et les conflits. 

Ecology, equity and economics: reframing dryland policy

Drylands are among the world’s most variable and unpredictable environments. But people here have long learnt how to live with and harness this variability to support sustainable and productive economies, societies and ecosystems. 

Farms and funds: investment funds in the global land rush

Investment funds show a growing interest in farmland and agriculture. They are buying up land and agribusinesses in developing countries with the expectation of high long-term returns linked to rising land prices, growing populations and increasing demand for food. 

Financial Short-Termism a Major Obstacle to Sustainable Change in Business: Expert Poll

Nairobi/ Paris, 26 January 2012 - Financial short-termism represents a critical barrier to businesses’ transition to sustainability, according to a new poll.
The latest wave of The Sustainability Survey - GlobeScan and SustainAbility’s regular survey of attitudes across businesses, NGOs, academia and government - reveals that a very large majority (88%) of the 642 experts polled see pressure for short-term financial results as a barrier to businesses becoming more sustainable.
The survey, conducted in December 2011, asked experts to say whether they considered a range of factors as being barriers to increased sustainability by businesses. Although most of those polled identified multiple barriers, financial short-termism was seen as the most significant by some distance.  
The next most significant barriers were inappropriate regulations and low awareness of the business imperative, both cited by 65% of respondents.  Low consumer demand was identified by 57% of respondents, followed by the lack of effective management tools (45%) and t
While financial short-termism was consistently identified as a barrier by large majorities of all groups, the survey revealed that experts’ views differed on the importance of other factors according to their sector.
Experts working in academia (56%) were much more likely to identify the lack of international standards as a barrier than those working in corporations (43%). Experts within academia were also more likely to blame low awareness of the business imperative for sustainability among business leaders (71%) than their corporate counterparts were (58%).
In contrast, experts within corporations were more likely to identify lack of consumer demand for green business practices, products and services as a barrier to sustainable transformation (66%) than other groups of experts, particularly those within NGOs (46%).
These latest survey findings will be featured in a forthcoming UNEP report on the business case for the Green Economy, to be published later this year.
Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Executive Director, said: "The Green Economy analysis by UNEP and partners clearly outlines pathways towards growing the global economy, generating employment and combating poverty while keeping humanity's footprint within ecological boundaries.
            "This survey underlines that governments must play their part, national and internationally, in setting the standards and backing the smart policies needed to promote sustainability over extraction and degradation of the world's natural resource base. It is happening, but not fast enough. Rio+20 in June offers an opportunity for governments to accelerate and to scale-up a better future for seven billion people," he added.
GlobeScan President Chris Coulter commented: "Clearly, more work needs to be done to help business find ways to overcome financial short-termism as a barrier to corporate sustainability. It may be timely for a multi-stakeholder initiative to explore new thinking to tackle this major obstacle to facilitate the transition to sustainability."
 Jeff Erikson, Senior Vice-President at SustainAbility commented: “The experts in our poll are telling us that of the many factors that make a transition to sustainability difficult, impatience from shareholders is the most important.  This implies that understanding and communicating the business case is critical.  We are excited to be working with UNEP once again on their upcoming report, which will provide further support to the business community to make the case.”    
For more information, please contact:
Moira O’Brien-Malone, Communications, UNEP Paris, on +33 1 44 37 76 12 or mobile +33 6 82 26 93 73,
Eric Whan, Director of Sustainability, GlobeScan, on +1 416 969 3087 or mobile +1 416 500 6405,
Dr Geoff Kendall, Development Director, SustainAbility, on +44 (0)20 7269 6922

Notes to Editors
UNEP is hosting a private-sector focused day on 17 June 2012 in Rio de Janiero, Brazil. ROI for Rio +20, a dialogue between business, finance and governments, will be held under the umbrella of the UN Global Compact's Corporate Sustainability Forum. For more information,
About The Sustainability Survey Research Program
The Sustainability Survey research program is a unique, collaborative platform using research-driven expert insights to explore solutions to material sustainability challenges. The program is designed to help leaders navigate the challenges and opportunities related to sustainability by leveraging the insights from the most influential thought leaders in the sustainable development arena. These quantitative results then inform forward-looking strategic counsel and ongoing trends analysis for leadership organizations.
About GlobeScan
GlobeScan is an international opinion research consultancy. GlobeScan provides global organizations with evidence-led counsel at the nexus of reputation, brand, and sustainability. Established in 1987, GlobeScan is an independent, management-owned company with offices in London, Toronto, and San Francisco, and a research network across 50+ countries.
About SustainAbility
SustainAbility is a think tank and strategy consultancy working to inspire transformative business leadership on the sustainability agenda.  Established in 1987, SustainAbility delivers illuminating foresight and actionable insight on sustainable development trends and issues.  The company operates globally and has offices in Europe, North America and India. For more information, visit
About UNEP
Created in 1972, UNEP represents the United Nations’ environmental conscience. Based in Nairobi, Kenya, its mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations. UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - based in Paris - helps governments, local authorities and decision-makers in business and industry to develop and implement policies and practices focusing on sustainable development. The Division leads UNEP's work in the areas of climate change, resource efficiency, harmful substances and hazardous waste.

International investments in agriculture: Do the negative impacts outweigh the benefits? By Pablo Pacheco

A trend in recent years of international investors snapping up land in developing countries for agriculture has captured the attention of academics, policymakers, media and civil society groups. Their interpretations of the possible implications vary, due as much to ideology as to evidence.
 Defenders emphasise that foreign investments contribute towards overcoming technological constraints, fostering agricultural modernisation and linking local economies with global markets. Critics highlight concerns about equitable access to food, protection of local tenure rights and enhanced benefit-sharing from land development.
For their part, environmentalists often have mixed feelings: on the one hand, investors are seen as among the main players causing forest destruction, but on the other hand, they are also perceived as having an important role to play in conservation.

For a copy of the report by Toulmin, C., Bindraba, P., Borras, S., Mwangi, E. and Saue, S. 2011 Land tenure and international investments in agriculture: A report by The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition on World Food Security, Rome 2011, visit
International investment in agriculture in developing countries, which prompts large-scale land appropriation, is not a new trend but it has new connotations.
 Thus, understanding its dynamics in order to devise effective policy responses to manage the impacts constitutes an urgent task and a difficult one.
Multiple drivers shape investments in land and agriculture. These investments involve a diverse number of actors (from international to local) that often have different motivations (production or speculation); their impacts, too, are diverse, depending on the specific local conditions where these investments take place.
Shedding light on their magnitude and social, economic and environmental outcomes is fundamental if effective policy responses are to be devised, not only to reduce their negative impacts but also to enhance their positive contributions.
With this aim, the UN Committee on World Food Security’s High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition produced a report on this issue. The authors, Toulmin and colleagues, analysed available estimates and found that international investors have acquired about 5080 million hectares of land in middle- and low-income countries, through either purchases or lease agreements. Two-thirds of this area is in sub-Saharan Africa.
The authors reiterate what is generally already known about the drivers shaping this trend: the rise in investments is largely associated with growing demand for food, feed, fibre and biofuels, as well as financial speculation.
Multiple interests are involved in making these deals possible from corporate firms at the international level, to local authorities, entrepreneurs and government officials at the local level. While the report acknowledges that national investors play an important role in the agricultural sector, its focus is on large-scale international investments.
Toulmin and colleagues suggest that large-scale investments in agriculture do not necessarily increase food supply, close yield gaps or expand production. Rather, such investments often negatively affect local populations, leading to dispossession and displacement.
The authors indicate that land appropriation by firms often takes place through leases (because, in many cases, national governments do not permit foreigners to own land) or through states handing local people’s land to large-scale commercial investors based on the concept of ‘eminent domain’. The terms of the contracts and compensations for local populations are highly questionable.
While these investments could take different forms, large-scale plantations are the most common result. Toulmin and colleagues argue that this model tends to dominate because governments are offering investments in large tracts of land rather than promoting more inclusive business models, such as contract farming.
The authors conclude that large-scale investments in plantations often damage local livelihoods, undermine food security and reduce access to key resources. Promises of employment often do not materialise and people from outside the area often take the few jobs created.
Furthermore, farmland acquisitions have significant gender implications because women encounter systematic discrimination with regard to access and decision-making, as well as ownership and control of land.
Finally, the authors indicate that the direct and indirect negative impacts are relatively severe because of pressures on forest conversion, soil erosion and water pollution. Nonetheless, a range of possible outcomes may result from different combinations of land security, regulations and market conditions.
The report describes many governance initiatives emerging at different levels, and with different aims and scopes, to address the socio-economic and environmental impacts of large-scale investments.
These include voluntary guidelines, industry-based roundtables and changes in national policies related to issues such as tenure, the environment and taxation. The report ends with a list of recommendations for each type of actor.
Overall, the report makes a good case for stronger action at multiple levels and for the involvement of multiple stakeholders in order to improve the governance and oversight of international investments, mainly to ameliorate their observed negative impacts.
Further opportunities exist for better understanding of how the proposed policy responses (and the incentives they engender) may realistically work in the various settings under which large-scale land acquisitions occur. Moreover, while the authors suggest ways to enhance the capacity of smallholders, harnessing existing potential can do much.
A multitude of small-scale resource management systems can reconcile social, economic and environmental goals. Therefore, enhancing governance of large-scale investments and supporting the potential of smallholders emerge as global priorities to be pursued in concert.


POLEX is an initiative of the Center for International Forestry Research to keep opinion leaders, policymakers and researchers up to date on path-breaking research on forests.
POLEX was first launched in 1997. It is sent each month to about 22,000 stakeholders in the forestry sector worldwide. It is translated into French, Spanish, Indonesian and Japanese. Each message includes a concise highlight of a timely and important research report.
Although CIFOR manages the list, the content of the messages reflects only the views of the authors of the original research and the author of the message. They do not necessarily reflect official views of CIFOR as an institution.
We are very interested in your feedback regarding POLEX and your suggestions for interesting reports we might promote through the list. Please send them to

Center for International Forestry Research
CIFOR advances human wellbeing, environmental conservation, and equity by conducting research to inform policies and practices that affect forests in developing countries. CIFOR is one of 15 centres within the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). CIFOR's headquarters are in Bogor, Indonesia. It also has offices in Asia, Africa and South America.
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Rabu, 25 Januari 2012

Aquilaria beccarian,Penyeimbang Alam dan Manusia

Mengulas keanekaragaman hayati Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu (GSK-BB) tak pernah ada habisnya. Satu diantaranya adalah pohon gaharu atau Aquilaria beccariana. Pohon gaharu ini merupakan satu diantara pohon lain yang menjadi indikator bagi hutan rawa yang terdapat di cagar biosfer.
Pohon gaharu merupakan jenis tanaman yang paling banyak diburu orang. Penyebabnya yaitu tingginya nilai ekonomis dari kayu gaharu itu sendiri. Tumbuhan yang menjadi buruan ini bisa dikatakan merupakan tanaman saingan dari kayu cendana.
Bisa dikatakan demikian sebab keduanya memiliki nilai ekonomis yang tinggi akibat kegunaannya sebagai bahan baku pembuatan aneka jenis wewangian yang dipakai manusia.
 Sekarang pohon gaharu tergolong spesies tanaman yang rentan punah. Hal itu disebabkan minimnya jumlah bibit gaharu akibat minimnya upaya pelestarian kayu gaharu tersebut.
Pohon gaharu ini memiliki keunikan. Adapun keunikan dari pohon gaharu adalah proses terciptanya gubal gaharu atau damar wangi yaitu bahan yang dipakai untuk bahan baku wewangian. Bila tanaman pada umumnya akan sakit dan mati terinfeksi penyakit sehingga orang akan berusaha mencari cara menyingkirkan tanaman dari segala infeksi, tapi semua itu tidak berlaku pada pohon gaharu.
Yang anehnya, pohon gaharu ini akan bermanfaat akibat terinfeksi penyakit. Infeksi ini terjadi akibat kapang parasit dari sejenis jamur yang bernama Phaeoacremonium parasitica. Infeksi ini menjadikan terciptanya gubal gaharu atau damar wangi yang bisa dimanfaatkan.
Budidaya dari gaharu masih sedikit dilakukan, bisa dihitung beberapa orang saja yang melakukannya. Hal tersebut tidak lepas dari masih rendahnya kesadaran masyarakat, mereka lebih senang mencari kayu gaharu dari hutan bahkan penjarahan pohon gaharu dilokasi budidaya kerap terjadi.
Namun berbeda halnya  yang dilakukan oleh Sinarmas Forestry (SMF), untuk melestarikan pohon gaharu dengan hasil yang baik. Kepedulian perusahaan swasta yang menginisiasikan cagar biosfer Riau tersebut terlihat jelas dengan dicanangkannya program penelitian inokulan gaharu pada 2012 ini.
Inokulan gaharu merupakan salah satu bentuk pengembangbiakkan gaharu dengan cara penyuntikkan. Penyuntikkan gaharu
 Kegiatan yang masih dalam proses tersebut diharapkan dapat membantu masyarakat untuk mengembangkan gaharu dengan baik dan benar. Sehingga pemanfaatannya sebagai pembangkit nilai ekonomi mejadi penyeimbang hubungan alam dan manusia.(pia-gsj/news)

Senin, 16 Januari 2012

Siak Kecil

Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu (GSK-BB) adalah sebuah cagar biosfer yang merupakan gabungan dari dua suakamargasatwa. Satu Diantaranya adalah Suakamargasatwa Siak Kecil. 

Minggu, 01 Januari 2012

Paku Rawa, Pelengkap Makanan Pokok

     Indonesia patut diacungkan jempol dengan kekayaan alamnya yang luar biasa. Baik hasil lautan maupun daratannya. Demikian juga halnya dengan Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu (GSK-BB).